AlSadu is the traditional weaving done by Bedouin Women across the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and other Arab countries. The Word “Al Sadu” in Arabic means the weaving that is formed in a horizontal style. this term also describes the manual loom used in the weaving.
AlSadu was created by the Bedouin tribes in the past because it was vital for surviving in the desert environment.
the first stage of this craftsmanship is shearing the wool of sheep or hair of goats as the raw material that is used in the weaving. the hair of camel is usually not sheared but collected when it falls.
Next, The ladies would clean the wool from dirt and twigs then wash it and dry it in the sun. then, the wool is combed with a brush with steel teeth until its fibers are balanced and suitable for spinning. These fibers are then put in a spinner that carries the wool during the spinning process. The yarn produced from this instrument is then spun into balls.
The next step is dyeing the wool which is usually done only for the sheep’s white wool not the goat or camel hair.
Then, the weaver begins a specialised weaving method which ensures that the cloth will withstand harsh weather. This is achieved by pulling the weft threads tightly above and underneath the warp threads. Thus, the cloth begins to become a tightly and closely woven textile which is very strong and durable. This is essential for preventing rain and wind from entering the tent.
Al Sadu weaver fills the tent, their home, with objects made from Al Sadu textiles.
the products that are made using Al Sadu weaving vary from large items like tents to small ones like bags and other household items.